Windows file system is a folder structure and a collection of files. The file system is a collection of information together in “files” which in turn are grouped in “folders”.
The File management system is software that provides services to users and applications in the use of files. Examples of Windows file systems are as follows:
- FAT(File Allocation Table)
- NTFS(New Technology File System)
The Windows NT file system provides a combination of reliability, compatibility, and performance, which are not available in the FAT file system.
NTFS file system
- It will quickly perform standard file operations, such as write, read, and search.
- It also performs file-system recovery on very large hard disks.
- NTFS file system formatting on a volume results in the creation of several system files and the master file table (MST), which contains information about all the files and folders on the NTFS.
- It includes security features required for high-end personal computers and file servers.
- It supports data access control and ownership privileges.
- Folders shared on a Windows NT are assigned specific permissions.
- It allows users to assign permissions to individual files.