Let’s understand the ATM System and its components in this tutorial. We need to understand the system first to develop and document effective ATM test cases. ATM is a complex system with several components.
What is an ATM?
ATM stands for Automated Teller Machine. ATM is a machine deployed by the corresponding Bank management at a convenient place for the bank Customers. ATM allows customers to perform Self-service bank transactions without the need of a Bank Teller or Representative.
There are many advantages of ATM. ATM is available 24×7 to the customers. ( apart from down-time)
There is no need for the customer to visit the home branch for banking. ATM transactions are fast compared to manual transaction at bank. Banks can reduce the bank staff and cut costs.
ATM System Components
An ATM is an interface between the Customer and the Bank. The ATM system consists of both hardware and software parts. The basic components of an ATM system are:
- Input – Card reader, USB Input Keypad, RFID Scanner(Radio Frequency Identification)
- Output – Display Screen(Touch Screen can be both input and output device), Cash Dispenser, Printer and Speaker.
- Safety Lock, Maintenance Switch
Operating System, ATM Software
- Security Camera
- Power Switches
- Panic alarm
- RFID access gate.
ATM Test Cases