Creating a New Selenium Project
Your journey with Selenium begins with creating a new project in your chosen Integrated Development Environment (IDE). This project will serve as the foundation for your test scripts. Give it a meaningful name and organize it efficiently to keep things tidy.
Writing a Basic Test Script
It’s time to take you down to the task of generating your first Selenium test script. Here’s a breakdown of what your script should include:
Launching a Browser
The first thing is to explain Selenium of the particular browser to use. Initiate a web driver for your desired browser such as Safari, Firefox, or Chrome. Another browser window will open, ready for you to write your commands.
Navigating to a Website
Using Selenium to navigate to a particular website is possible using an open browser. Just give the URL as an argument and Selenium will navigate you to the desired location.
Click, input, dropdowns, etc.
Now comes the fun part! Selenium is a real user to perform actions like clicking and typing on those web elements. You can click buttons, insert text into text boxes, choose options from drop-down menus, or perform many other actions on web pages. At this point, your test script will become interactive and flexible.
Assertions and Verifications
You can use assertions and verifications to ensure your test works properly. Selenium verifies whether the expected elements are available, if the specified text matches the expected text, and so forth. These measures assist you in ensuring that your web application is working properly.