Ubuntu is a community based Debian derived Linux distribution. Ubuntu is based on Debian operating system. There are several editions of Ubuntu to support many uses-cases. Ubuntu is one of the popular Linux distributions that uses the GNOME graphical desktop environment by default.  Other popular desktop environment is the Plasma Desktop from KDE.

Ubuntu variants

  • Ubuntu Desktop
  • Ubuntu Server
  • Ubuntu Cloud
  • Ubuntu IoT
  • Edubuntu
  • Kubuntu

Ubuntu Desktop : This flavor is normal PC users. Ubuntu Desktop can be installed on regular Home PC and personal laptops. It supports office tools like LibreOffice, email software Thunderbird, text editors, music, video software and much more.

Ubuntu Server is used for hosting application servers and database servers. They have inbuilt support for cloud platforms.

Ubuntu Cloud  is for cloud machines or cloud production clusters.

Ubuntu IoT is for IoT devices, home appliances, industrial systems etc.

Edubuntu is free education oriented Ubuntu for kids.

Kubuntu is like Ubuntu but based on KDE. The look and feel of the operating system is different mostly with Plasma Desktop.

Ubuntu Desktop GNOME

Ubuntu GNOME Desktop


Most of the tutorials use the Ubuntu version 20.xx unless otherwise specified in the tutorials with GNOME 3.3x.

Bootable USB Penstick

Bootable USB Pendrive with Ubuntu install files from .iso file:


Install Ubuntu on PC


Ubuntu Virtual Machine


Oracle JDK Install


Eclipse Install


Apache Web Server


JBoss Application Server


Maven Install


Testcase Management Tool



Official Website  Links

Debian website: https://www.debian.org/

Ubuntu website: https://ubuntu.com/

Ubuntu is maintained and supported by Canonical company.

Canonical website: https://canonical.com/