Ubuntu is an open-source operating system based on Debian Linux. It is a community-based Linux distribution. There are several editions of Ubuntu to support many uses-cases. Ubuntu can run on your personal laptop as well as on Cloud servers.

Ubuntu is one of the popular Linux distributions that use the GNOME graphical desktop environment.  GNOME is the default desktop environment for Ubuntu. The other popular desktop environment is the Plasma Desktop from KDE.

Ubuntu variants

Some of the Ubuntu variants are as follows:

  • Ubuntu Desktop
  • Ubuntu Server
  • Ubuntu Cloud
  • Ubuntu IoT
  • Edubuntu
  • Kubuntu

Ubuntu Desktop

This flavor is for normal PC users. Ubuntu Desktop can be installed on regular Home PC and personal laptops. It supports office tools like LibreOffice, email software Thunderbird, text editors, music, video software, and much more.

Ubuntu Server

Ubuntu Server is used for hosting application servers and database servers. They have inbuilt support for cloud platforms.

Ubuntu Cloud

Ubuntu Cloud is for cloud machines or cloud production clusters.

Ubuntu IoT

Ubuntu IoT is for IoT devices, home appliances, industrial systems, etc.

Edubuntu is a free education-oriented Ubuntu for kids.

Kubuntu is like Ubuntu but based on KDE. The operating system’s look and feel are mostly different from Plasma Desktop.

Ubuntu Desktop GNOME

Ubuntu GNOME Desktop


Most tutorials use the Ubuntu version 20.xx unless otherwise specified in the tutorials with GNOME 3.3x.

Bootable USB Pen drive

Bootable USB Pendrive with Ubuntu install files from .iso file:


Install Ubuntu on PC


Ubuntu Virtual Machine


Oracle JDK Install


Eclipse Install


Apache Web Server


JBoss Application Server


Maven Install


Testcase Management Tool



Official Links

Debian website: https://www.debian.org/

Ubuntu website: https://ubuntu.com/

Ubuntu is maintained and supported by Canonical company.

Canonical website: https://canonical.com/