Windows NT Overview
Windows NT stands for Windows New Technology. Windows NT is a family of operating systems developed by Microsoft Corporation and released in 1993.
Windows NT is a separate line of Windows operating systems, specially designed for Enterprise environments. It was known for its advanced features, POSIX-compliant, and robustness, making it popular in Server and Workstation environments.
Windows NT Features
Windows NT introduced several significant advancements over the previous Windows operating systems, such as Windows 3.x and Windows 9x. Windows NT kernel is a hybrid kernel that combines the advantages of monolithic and microkernel architectures.
Some Windows NT features are as follows:
- Protected Memory
- Security Enhancements
Windows NT supported preemptive multitasking, allowing multiple processes to run simultaneously and efficiently manage system resources.
Windows NT is designed to run on different hardware platforms with minimal changes.
Windows NT implemented a protected memory model, which isolated processes from each other and prevented one process from crashing the entire system.
Windows NT supports Application Programming Interface (API). It could be easily expanded on by writing to the Win32 API.
Windows NT introduced improved security features, including Access Control Lists (ACLs) and user-level permissions, to provide better security and control over resources.
Windows NT included built-in networking capabilities, such as TCP/IP support and domain-based networking, making it a popular choice for server environments.
Windows NT was designed to be scalable, allowing it to run on various hardware configurations, from desktop workstations to high-end servers.
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